Lead-based paint (LBP) is paint that contains lead and was utilized on buildings until 1978 when it was banned on residential structures by the Consumer Product Safety Commission. Over time LBP may react with certain compounds found in the air, creating a chalky film or dust that can be released. As the LBP begins to peel, chip, or crack it can cause a preventable exposure to lead.
If LBP is disturbed during building remodels or repaints, adults can be exposed and potentially poisoned via inhalation or absorption. Concentrated lead exposure can cause adverse health effects on nearly all organ systems within the body. However, lead exposure is especially harmful to the developing brains and nervous systems of children under the age of six. Exposure is most common in children, who can be exposed while playing in exterior soil or house dust and putting their hands inside their mouths, as well as by putting paint chips and soil directly in their mouths.
Lead-poisoned children often do not show symptoms. This makes community-based lead blood-level testing programs for children as well as awareness of the type and condition of building materials, paints, and coatings in older structures even more important.
Approximately 75% of U.S. housing built prior to 1978 contains some amount of lead-based paint. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has two competitive grant programs that provide funding for the identification and control of lead-based paint hazards in eligible privately-owned housing for rental or owner-occupants.
The Lead-Based Paint Hazard Control Grant is the largest program in terms of dollar amount and number of grants. This program is open to all jurisdictions, urban, suburban, or rural.
While with the Lead Hazard Reduction Grant, applicants must have at least 3,500 pre-1940 occupied rental units.
Now is the time to start working on an application, as HUD usually announces grant rounds in spring or summer with a short window to apply. To learn more on Lead-Based Paint and Impact7G’s services please visit: https://www.impact7g.com/services/lead-based-paint/. Impact7G has experience assisting communities across Iowa with HUD lead grants and is currently assisting the communities of Sioux City, Marshalltown, and Council Bluffs.
For more information on funding to address Lead-Based Paint Hazards in your community, please contact us!